Criteria Needed to Issue an AMBER Alert In Canada.

Law enforcement will issue an AMBER Alert only in the most dangerous child abduction cases when time is of the essence. Each province has its own criteria to determine whether or not an AMBER Alert should be issued to help recover an abducted child.

AMBER Alerts are issued only when specific criteria are met. These types of alerts are rarely issued, and police decide on a case-by-case basis whether issuing an Amber Alert would assist in the recovery of an abducted child.

While criteria for issuing an AMBER Alert may vary from province to province, basic requirements include:

  • The child is under the age of 18
  • There is a belief that the child has been abducted
  • There is a belief that the child is in imminent danger
  • There is information to be released that may help locate the child and/or the abductor (e.g. description of the child, the suspect or the vehicle driven by the abductor)

An AMBER Alert must also be issued within a reasonable amount of time from the moment of the abduction. In some provinces, AMBER Alerts may also be issued for vulnerable adults who have gone missing (e.g. elderly adults, or adults living with an intellectual disability).

Provincial AMBER Alert Criteria

For the specific criteria involved in order to issue an AMBER Alert in your jurisdiction, see the following websites:

When is an AMBER Alert Not Activated?

Police agencies often receive reports of missing children. While a missing child case may be urgent in nature, it may not necessarily meet the criteria required to activate an AMBER Alert. Based on the information available to them, police may believe that an AMBER Alert would not lead to the safe recovery of the child or would place the child in greater danger. In these types of cases, police have strategies in place to quickly and efficiently respond to a potential abduction — this may include media alerts, public appeals, search responses, etc. Regardless of whether an AMBER Alert is issued, immediate action is always taken by law enforcement.


A 14-year-old girl is seen by neighbours returning to her home after school. Her father arrives home several hours later and determines the girl is not home. There is no sign of foul play, and when he checks with neighbours, it is revealed that no one saw the girl leave, nor did anyone see anything unusual or suspicious at the residence. The police are called to investigate and find no further information regarding the girl’s location. Other than a description of the girl and the clothing she was last wearing, an evaluation of the potential reasons the girl went missing leaves the police with very little information to share with the public. There is no suspect description, no vehicle description and no direction of travel. There is no sign of foul play, and the girl is old enough to have gone somewhere on her own voluntarily. This case would NOT qualify for an AMBER Alert.

A four-year-old boy is playing in his own yard, while his mother attends to chores in and around the house. The mother looks outside and does not see her son in the yard. She then notices an unfamiliar vehicle parked near her driveway. As the mother exits the house, the vehicle pulls away. The child is nowhere to be found. The police respond and conduct an area search, but the child is still not located. Due to the age of the child, and the mother’s ability to provide a description of the child and suspect vehicle, this scenario MAY qualify for an AMBER Alert.

November 17, 2018 / by / in
Missing person awareness day to be held in Rama Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2018

Chippewas of Rama First Nation, Rama Police and the Ontario Provincial Police are inviting members of the community and surrounding area to join them on Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2018 for Missing Persons Awareness Day. Missing Persons Awareness Days are the result of funding provided by the Indigenous Justice Division of the Ministry of the Attorney General.

The event will be held at the Rama Community Hall, 5950 Rama Road South, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. It will be an opportunity for the community and police to work together and remove barriers to reporting a missing person and help find or identify a loved one. There will also be presentations to increase awareness regarding human trafficking and child safety on the internet.

Those attending will gain insight into the importance of reporting a person missing and will have the chance to provide information on unreported missing persons. There will also be an opportunity to collect DNA samples from family members of missing persons for identification purposes, if required.

While missing persons are usually reported to police by family members, you do not have to be a relative to report a person missing. There is also no time limit – all missing person investigations remain open until they are resolved. Even information about a person who went missing 30 years ago could provide important evidence to resolve an active case today.

Cultural support services will be provided throughout the day by a community Elder. Mental health supports will also be available. Resources from the Canadian Centre for Child Protection regarding child safety will be shared at the event.

If you have information about a missing person or need help to find a loved one and have not contacted the police, then Missing Persons Awareness Day is your chance to do so. The information that you possess may help find or identify a missing person and bring a resolution to their family members and friends.


“Together we can achieve great results and this is just another fine example of the partnerships that we share as a police service in prevention and bringing awareness. We are committed to the service we provide to our community and just as committed to our guests who visit. Having a loved one go missing is a tragic situation caused to the families and communities of those who have gone missing. Providing awareness on reporting missing persons and prevention is key to protecting our people and I encourage all to attend and learn more about the Missing Persons Awareness.”

“The inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women has given us a painful insight into what families experience when someone goes missing. It is important to create more awareness around this issue to protect our family and friends. Miigwech to our police services for working together to bring this important program to our community.”

Chief Rodney Noganosh, Chippewas of Rama First Nation

“When a loved one goes missing, it leaves a devastating emotional toll on loved ones and communities who are left wondering. The OPP is proud to partner with the Chippewas of Rama First Nation and Rama Police Services to provide this Missing Persons Awareness Day. By sharing information regarding missing persons, human trafficking and child safety, we hope we can help prevent families and communities from knowing the pain of these events.”

Interim Commissioner Blair, Ontario Provincial Police

November 13, 2018 / by / in
Peel Regional Police seek assistance locating a man missing since 1981

Investigators from the 22 Division Criminal Investigation Bureau are seeking assistance from the public in locating a missing 64 year-old man.

Cyril Thistle was last seen in 1981 by members of his family in the Region of Peel when he was 26 years-old. Cyril Thistle has three children who have been attempting to locate him for several years without any success and they have since sought help from Peel Regional Police.

At this time all investigative leads have been exhausted and assistance is being requested from the public.

Anyone with information on the whereabouts of Cyril Thistleis asked to call investigators at the 22 Division Criminal Investigation Bureau at (905) 453–2121, ext. 2233.  Information may also be left anonymously by calling Peel Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477), or by visiting

November 7, 2018 / by / in
Family Members Sought in Historical Missing Person File – Stewart RCMP British Columbia

The Stewart RCMP is continuing the investigation into a historical missing person’s file. Gerard KRAUSNIG, from Smithers BC, was reported missing after a boating mishap, while fishing the Nass River, near the Meziadin River junction, on July 2nd 1977.

Missing person’s files are never concluded, until the missing is located, no matter how long it takes stated Cpl Kevin WRIGHT Stewart RCMP detachment Commander. We are attempting to locate any of Mr. KRAUSNIG’s family members, and believe that he may have had a son born in 1977, in Smithers BC.

In the event that human remains are recovered, and the investigators have DNA from family members on file, it is a way to identify missing persons and help bring closure to the families.

If you have any information that can assist in locating Mr. KRAUSNIG’s family, please contact the Stewart RCMP at 250-636-2233 and cite file number 1977-103.

November 2, 2018 / by / in
Hamilton Police Charged Male for Attempted Abduction and Assault

Police have charged a Hamilton man with abduction on October 30, 2018. The male allegedly attempted taking a young child while walking with their mother on Bay Street South in Hamilton. He has been brought before the courts and facing charges related to child abduction.

On October 29, 2018, shortly after 2:15 p.m., a woman was walking with her 3-year-old daughter in the area of Bay Street South and Main Street West. An unknown male approached and picked up her child. He held her as the mother and a passerby yelled at him to release the child. The mother managed to pull the child from the male’s arms and quickly left the area.

The same male then entered Jackson Square where he approached a 15-year-old female and grabbed onto her. The female managed to break free and Jackson Square Security was notified. They located the male and an arrest was made. Police were called, continued the arrest and charged the male.

Detectives have charged 30-year-old Tyler Chambers from Hamilton with:

  • Assault Level One
  • Adult Abduction of person under 14-years
  • Fail to Comply with probation x 4

If you have any information that you believe could assist Police with the investigation into this crime you are asked to contact Detective Constable Alex Mendes by calling (905) 546-4816.

October 31, 2018 / by / in
Remains of missing Vancouver Island man Ben Kilmer found

RCMP have confirmed remains found last week near Duncan, B.C., are those of Ben Kilmer, a 41-year-old electrician from Cobble Hill who went missing under mysterious circumstances in the spring.

Kilmer’s wife Tonya posted an emotional letter on Facebook confirming the discovery.

She says on Oct. 17 the RCMP came to her house to inform her that a hiker had found her husband’s body in a remote area near the Chemainus River.

Kilmer’s work van was found abandoned on Cowichan Lake Road, west of Duncan on the afternoon of May 15. The engine was still running and a small amount of blood and his personal items were found inside the van, according to RCMP.

The father of two was last spotted on surveillance video at a job site shortly before 11 a.m. PT that same morning.

October 24, 2018 / by / in
Missing Woman Ashley Simpsons ID found in remote northern B.C. town

A driver’s licence belonging to Ashley Simpson, who vanished two years ago near Salmon Arm, B.C., has been found 1,200 kilometres north at a remote truckers lodge on the Alaska Highway, StarMetro has learned.

The discovery is the first piece of physical evidence connected to the St. Catharines, Ont., woman since she disappeared in April 2016, but it hasn’t shed much light on what happened to her. How the licence surfaced so far from where Simpson disappeared remains a mystery.

The ID was found Oct. 9 inside the tank of a sewage vacuum truck used by the Sasquatch Crossing Lodge in Pink Mountain, B.C. The motel and work camp caters to truck drivers, roughnecks and other oil-and-gas workers on the Alaska Highway, about two hours northwest of Fort St. John.

Simpson is one of five women, featured in a joint Toronto Star/StarMetro investigation published Oct. 3, who disappeared in B.C.’s north Okanagan Valley during a roughly two-year period.

Police believe Simpson and at least two others met with foul play. Only one of those women — 18-year-old Traci Genereaux — has been found. Her body was discovered in October 2017 on a farm outside Salmon Arm following an intensive police search. No one has yet been charged in connection with her death or the disappearances of any of the other women.

Canada-wide, there are approximately 7,000 cases where a person has been missing for at least three months. The majority of those cases go back decades, the earliest of which dates from around 1914, according to the RCMP. But even in the past 10 years alone, about 1,800 people across the country have gone missing and remained missing.

Nearly a quarter of those cases are from B.C. Adjusted for population, B.C.’s missing persons rate is twice the national average and almost five times higher than Canada’s most populous province, Ontario.

Simpson, 32, lived and worked at the Sasquatch Crossing and its sister motel The Buffalo Inn for three seasons, working in the kitchens and managing reservations. She had travelled from Ontario to the northern B.C. work camps with her father Jon, who worked as a cook.

In February 2016, she left the highway workers’ community with her boyfriend Derek Favell, who worked at a nearby Pink Mountain business. They moved south to Salmon Arm, where the pair lived in a trailer until she vanished on April 27, 2016.

Simpson’s Ontario driver’s licence was found during a routine cleaning of the truck, according to staff at the lodge who did not provide their names. The truck is used to collect human waste from the work camp. RCMP have interviewed the maintenance worker who found the licence, according to staff at the lodge.

RCMP spokesman Cpl. Dan Moskaluk confirmed the licence was found but did not provide any other details.

A manager at Sasquatch Crossing sent a photo of the ID to Simpson’s mother, Cindy Simpson, and placed the licence in the mail. Cindy Simpson said the manager told her in a Facebook message on Oct. 9 that maintenance staff had “just found” the ID while cleaning the truck.

“How it would end up in the tank is strange,” the manager wrote, according to Cindy Simpson.

Simpson’s family was surprised to learn the licence was found at Pink Mountain, considering she vanished across the province in Salmon Arm. Family members who Simpson was in regular contact with said she never mentioned she had lost her licence and that she never got a licence in B.C.

Reached by phone from a freighter ship near Baie Comeau, Quebec a week after the discovery, Cindy Simpson said that, based on the condition of the ID in the photo, she doesn’t believe it could have been in sewage since her daughter disappeared.

“Had it have been sitting there for two and a half years in human waste, it wouldn’t be in the condition that it’s in,” she said.

StarMetro and St. Catharines Standard reporters have seen the same photo. It shows an Ontario driver’s licence that appears to be in good condition, with no discoloration or obvious damage.

“Nobody knows how it got there. That’s the big question,” Cindy Simpson said.

It’s unclear how often the truck in question is serviced. Staff at the Sasquatch Crossing told the Standard that the septic tanks at the lodge have been emptied by vacuum trucks twice since the ID was found.

Simpson did not return to northern B.C. after she left with Favell in February 2016.

A 2017 investigation by the St. Catharines Standard found that Favell and Simpson often fought while in Salmon Arm. The couple were unemployed and lived in Favell’s Dutchmen trailer on the property of one of his friends.

Family and friends described their relationship as mutually abusive. She sent family in Ontario pictures of bruises on her arms. Those same family members say she put out cigarettes on Favell’s arms.

She was last seen on April 27, 2016, when Simpson, Favell and a friend visited Margaret Falls, hiking through dense forest to the waterfall north of Salmon Arm across Shuswap Lake. The couple fought for the entire trip. The friend dropped them off at the trailer, where they were still arguing.

Two days later, Favell sent text messages to Simpson’s family in Ontario, asking whether they had heard from her. He said she packed a pink suitcase and left on foot in the night.

After Simpson vanished, Favell left Salmon Arm. His Facebook page says he lives in Fort St. John. He did not respond to an interview request for this story.

Prior to her disappearance, Simpson’s family pleaded with her to return to Ontario. They said she had tentative plans to come home but insisted she wouldn’t leave until Favell gave her money she says he owed her.

Her mother said that if Simpson had lost her licence, she would have mentioned it.

“She would have told me. She would have needed her ID because of her plan to fly home,” Cindy said.

However, Sasquatch Crossing owner Melody Magaton said she thinks Simpson lost her licence “years ago” when she worked on Pink Mountain.

There could be any number of explanations for the driver’s licence turning up after all this time, Cindy said, but she thinks the one that makes the most sense is that someone had it until very recently.

“I don’t know how I feel about it,” Cindy said of the discovery. “Has it changed my thoughts on where I think her remains are? No, I still believe that she is somewhere in the Okanagan.”

But more than two years on, not knowing continues to “take its toll,” Cindy said.

“Her birthday is next month. I won’t be home, but I know it’s having a big impact on the family, too.”

October 23, 2018 / by / in
RNC Continue to Search for Missing Person – Melvin HILLIER

The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC) Major Crime Unit is continuing their missing persons investigation for Melvin HILLIER.

64-year-old Melvin HILLIER was originally reported missing to police after being last seen leaving his home in Torbay at 11:00 am on Sunday, September 23, 2018. Investigators have determined that HILLER was last seen boarding the Bell Island Ferry on the Bell Island Side for the 1:45 pm crossing.

When the ferry docked on the Portugal Cove side, HILLIER’s vehicle, a blue Ford F-150, was located abandoned on board and there was no signs that HILLIER had walked off of the ferry. Investigators believe that it’s possible HILLIER may have fallen from the ferry during the crossing. Investigators are interested in speaking with anyone who was on the crossing at the time and observed anything that could be connected with HILLIER’s disappearance.

Anyone with information on the disappearance of Melvin HILLIER is asked to call the RNC at 729-8000 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477). You can now provide information anonymously on the NL Crime Stoppers Website at

October 22, 2018 / by / in
Niagara police launch national search for human trafficking suspect.

Police have issued a Canada-wide warrant for a man suspected of human trafficking and assaulting a woman in a Niagara Falls hotel room.

Malik Desir, 22, of Montreal faces charges that include aggravated assault, robbery and human trafficking. Police say he’s a suspect in a Feb. 25 incident involving the assault of an 18-year-old woman.

Desir also faces charges of materially benefiting from sexual services, withholding or destroying documents and advertising sexual services. He has ties to Montreal, Niagara Regional Police Service said in a widely distributed poster.

Police have arrested two other Quebec men, aged 18 and 20, on similar charges.

Both are in custody following a bail hearing.

CBC News
October 13, 2018 / by / in
Ottawa police renew plea for info in case of missing girl, 11

Ottawa police are renewing their plea for any information in the case of an 11-year-old girl who has been missing for two weeks.

Nakayla Baskin was reported missing on Sept. 25, after she packed a bag and sneaked out of her home. Her family told police that the girl had left home before, but never for this long and without contacting anyone.

Police say they have not ruled out anything in their investigation, including the possibility that Nakayla was a victim of human trafficking.

“Our investigative team believes that she’s alive and we’re going to do everything we can to bring her home safely,” Staff Sgt. Bruce Pirt of the Ottawa police major crime unit told CTV Ottawa.

Pirt said investigators recently received an important tip in the case, but will not publicly release that information.

Police had previously released a grainy surveillance image of a vehicle, possibly a Honda Civic, believed to have been involved in Nakayla’s disappearance.

Police will only say that the car was seen in Ottawa’s west end on the morning Baskin went missing. Pirt said investigators want to speak to the owner of the vehicle, or the person who was driving it.

Last week, Nakayla’s family made a desperate plea for her safe return.

“We need your help to find her,” Baskin’s grandmother said in a video released by police. “If anybody sees her or hears anything, please contact the Ottawa police right away.”

Nakayla is described as five-feet-four-inches tall, weighing 150 pounds, with light brown hair. Police say she could be mistaken for a much older girl.

“It’s important that her face is in everybody’s mind,” Pirt said.

CTV News

October 9, 2018 / by / in